A new TD Ameritrade survey says that bumps and detours along the road to retirement are the norm, not the exception, with two-thirds of Americans claiming their retirement planning has been disrupted by anything from major health bills or bouts of unemployment to business setbacks or divorce. The toll in lost retirement savings: an estimated $2.5 trillion. Still, however predictable the results, studies like this can still serve a useful purpose by reminding us of something we should already know but often forget: namely, that weâ€™ll have a better shot at weathering and recovering from financial disruptions if we factor them into our planning ahead of time.
The article, titled â€œRetirement Interruptus: 3 Ways to Prevent Disruptions From Derailing Your Retirement Plans,â€from the website Real Deal Retirement, gives us three ways to stay on track along the road to retirement:
- Consider Alternate Retirement Realities. Remember that an assessment of your retirement prospects from a retirement calculator doesnâ€™t mean that your retirementâ€™s going to go precisely to that plan. Just like the weather forecast, things can change. â€œThe best-laid plans of mice and men.
With that in mind, you should run through a variety of different scenarios to get a feel for how you might do under a variety of different conditions, such as higher inflation or lower investment returns. The article suggests you look at some worst-case scenarios like extended unemployment when you arenâ€™t able to save, forced early retirement, or an accident with large medical bills or other expenses in retirement that can take a big bite out of your nest egg.
- Make Certain You Have a Safety Net. Once you have an idea what one of these alternatives may look like, look for ways to alter your planning to mitigate some of the possible damage. The thought most people have is to boost savings balances by investing more aggressively. This may be okay if youâ€™re currently investing very conservatively (for example, with CDs and bonds). However, if you already have a very well-balanced portfolio that works with your risk comfort level, getting more aggressive could backfire and leave you even more vulnerable to a market crash.
If youâ€™re still working, the article advises that a better route is to look for opportunities to save moreâ€”even if youâ€™re very near retirement. You can still try to save a little more of your salary each year, which can significantly boost retirement account balances and make it easier for you to recover from a setback. This is backed up by the survey, which found that people whoâ€™d experienced a financial disruption said that saving a greater proportion of income (44%) and getting an earlier start on saving (36%) were the things they suggest to others in a similar situation.
If youâ€™re already retired, spending less is the focus, instead of saving. Examine how you can eliminate spending without creating a major negative impact on your standard of living. Create a retirement budget that divides your spending into essential and discretionary categories to see what kind of wiggle room you have and identify possible areas to cut.
- Get Going! If you have had your retirement planning disrupted, take corrective action right away. Waiting with the hope that the setback may just be temporary or that you might be able to fight your way through without changing things is just going to make it worse. The article suggests reducing spending, and thatâ€™s what 79% of the people in the survey did. However, for manyâ€”particular those who are unemployedâ€”the retirement contributions may be one of the first things to go. Using your savings should always be a last resort, and if you must do this, try to pull money out of your non-retirement accounts first. If you are forced to tap retirement accounts, try to minimize your taxes and early withdrawal penalties.
If you have a set-back when youâ€™re retired, immediately analyze your retirement budget and pinpoint ways to cut back your withdrawals. The article warns that if you experience a hit to your nest eggâ€”especially early into retirementâ€”you can significantly increase the odds of running out of money during your lifetime. Remember to work those retirement calculations to get a sense of what level of spending you can reasonably expect to maintain without going through your money too quickly.
Much of what passes for estate planning today is little more than word processing. Someone asks a few questions and then fits you into their pre-defined box. This isnâ€™t planning â€“ This is simply document preparation. Donâ€™t settle for word processing in place of quality planning!
At Idaho Estate Planning we will take time to get to know you, your family, your desires, your concerns, your goals, and any potential future problems. Your estate plan should be a custom fit not a â€œone size fits allâ€. Remember, good planning is no accident.